By Stephen P. Schwartz

A short background of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell to Rawls provides a finished evaluate of the ancient improvement of all significant points of analytic philosophy, the dominant Anglo-American philosophical culture within the 20th century. 

  • Features insurance of the entire significant topic parts and figures in analytic philosophy - together with Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, Carnap, Quine, Davidson, Kripke, Putnam, and plenty of others
  • Contains explanatory historical past fabric to aid clarify technical philosophical concepts
  • Includes listings of instructed additional readings
  • Written in a transparent, direct type that presupposes little earlier wisdom of philosophy

 

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45 2 Wittgenstein, the Vienna Circle, and Logical Positivism It has long been one of my dreams to found a great school of mathematically-minded philosophers, but I don't know whether I shall ever get it accomplished. I had hopes of Norton, but he has not the physique, Broad is all right, but has no fundamental originality. Wittgenstein of course is exactly my dream. (Bertrand Russell to Lady Ottoline Morrell, December 29, 1 912) Introduction Logical positivism, born in Vienna in the 1920s, was an energetic form of philosophy based on advances in mathematics and physics.

Moore cannot be bothered with citations, quotes, and footnotes - the standard forms of scholarly apparatus. The charm of Moore's common sense appeal is its simplicity, its air of boldly clearing away the crusty adhesions of generations of philosophy without adding new and doubtful complications of its own. From the time of ancient Greek philosophy to the present day, there have been philosophers, such as Hegel and Bradley, who for one reason or another have denied the ultimate reality of the objects of the common sense world of sense perception.

Although the logical positivists were not especially interested in the older traditions of phi­ losophy, except to overthrow them, many of their views harked back to the classical British empiricists and more recent German-speaking empiricists such as the physicist Ernst Mach. 1 Like Russell and Moore, the members of the Vienna Circle reacted against Hegelian German idealism. ) were dominant in philosophy, mathematics, 2 and science. Historical events help explain why a reaction against this German tradition in philosophy would arise in Germany and Austria.

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A brief history of analytic philosophy : from Russell to Rawls by Stephen P. Schwartz


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