By Sonia Harris-Short
This quantity addresses the contentious and topical factor of aboriginal self-government over baby welfare. utilizing case experiences from Australia and Canada, it discusses aboriginal baby welfare in old and comparative views and seriously examines contemporary criminal reforms and alterations within the layout, administration and supply of kid welfare companies geared toward securing the 'decolonization' of aboriginal young children and households. inside of this context, the writer identifies the restrictions of reconciling the conflicting calls for of self-determination and sovereignty and means that overseas legislations provides extra nuanced and culturally delicate recommendations. relating the UN assertion at the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the UN conference at the Rights of the kid, it really is argued that the potent decolonization of aboriginal baby welfare calls for a trip way past the one factor of kid welfare to the guts of the talk over self-government, self-determination and sovereignty in either nationwide and overseas legislations.
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Additional info for Aboriginal Child Welfare, Self-Government and the Rights of Indigenous Children: Protecting the Vulnerable Under International Law
57. , 30. , 138. , 75. 40 This fear was particularly strong in the Northern Territories where there were relatively few non-indigenous women. The sexual exploitation of young indigenous girls by non-indigenous men, often resulting in pregnancy, was therefore extremely common. , 132. , 29. 28 Aboriginal Child Welfare, Self-Government and the Rights of Indigenous Children was a simple one. 43 There was also a particular focus on Aboriginal girls. 50 Under both the absorption and assimilation models Aboriginal culture was treated with disdain: as an obstacle to progress.
132. Northern Territory Aboriginals Act 1910. 26 Although providing some protection for the family, in reality this did not constitute any great obstacle to removing the child where the Protector so desired. 27 Nevertheless, in 1939 the Director of Native Affairs was appointed guardian of all Aboriginal children under the age of 21 giving him total control over all aspects of their lives and unfettered powers of removal. 28 In Victoria and NSW, the Protector’s powers were less extensive but still allowed the separation of large numbers of Aboriginal children from their families.
Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families. Commonwealth of Australia, 270–75. 4 L. White and E. Jacobs (1992). Liberating Our Children Liberating Our Nations, Report of the Aboriginal Committee, Community Panel Child Protection Legislation Review in British Columbia. British Columbia: Queen’s Printer, 16. 5 A. McGillivray (1997). ‘Therapies of Freedom: The Colonization of Aboriginal Childhood’, in A. ) Governing Childhood.
Aboriginal Child Welfare, Self-Government and the Rights of Indigenous Children: Protecting the Vulnerable Under International Law by Sonia Harris-Short